When you stand, most people have a gap under the arch of their foot. The arch, the inner part of the foot is slightly raised off the ground. People with flat feet or fallen arches either have no arch, or it is very low.
A significant number of people with fallen arches (flat feet) experience no pain and have no problems.
Some, however, may experience pain in their feet and even ankles, knees and hips, especially when the connecting ligaments and muscles are strained.
Some people have flat feet because of a developmental fault during childhood, while others may find that the problem develops as they age, or after a pregnancy.
Symptoms may vary and generally depend on the severity of the condition. It can range of ankle pain to heel pain to sometimes knee pain. Some people may have an uneven distribution of bodyweight and find that the heel of their shoes wear out more rapidly and more on one side than the other.
There are 26 different bones in each foot, held together by 33 joints and more than 100 muscles, tendons and ligaments (in each foot). The way they weave and align together determine the formation of our arches. Sometimes these structures need external support to help maintain their proper biomechanical position.
If you experience symptoms with flatfoot, the most common treatments begin with: